The students Sara Gustafsson and Linnea Ahlgren conducted a project in 2015 in collaboration with Project Vita and the Municipality of Quelimane in Mozambique. The title of their Bachelor Thesis is Sustainable Urban Development in Quelimane – The waste-to-energy solution. They did not travel to Mozambiquebut conducted the study at their school the Royal Institute of Technology, KTH in Stockholm as part of their studies in the Engineering Programme Energy and Sustainable Development.
The project was a pre-study and part of an EcoCity development. The purpose was to define and evaluate an alternative to improve the municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Quelimane, with focus on waste to energy. Sara and Linnea studied research of the waste management in other regions and compared it to how the research could be used to improve the waste management in Quelimane. They presented SWOT-analyses based on their studies of the challenges, opportunities and benefits for MSW in Quelimane.
In their studies they compared different methods for waste management leading to generation of energy. Lack of energy solutions is an overall challenge in Mozambique as well as many other regions in Africa. They came to the conclusion that organic waste had the most potential for energy generation and that the suitable method for it would be anaerobic digestion. The process generates biogas, which can be used as for example cooking fuel.